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Abbatial Succession of Lo Monastery (གདན་རབས།) by Iuchi Maho and Iuchi Maho (June 4, 2014)

The following is a list of the abbots of Lo Monastery.  Major events that occurred are listed in the right-hand column.  Lo Monastery had a close relationship with Jayül (bya yul) Monastery; at certain periods, the same person served as abbot of both monasteries. Thus, events related to Jayül Monastery are also listed in the right-hand column. 

 

Name

Related Information

1

Chenngapa Tsültrim Bar (spyan snga pa tshul khrims ’bar, b. 1038; d. 1103 at smyug rum)

He founded Lo Monastery in 1095 (A, B, C). The main building in the monastery complex was the Utsé (dbu rtse), which was later named dbu rtse gong or dbu rtse snying pa.

2

Lopa Zhönnu Mönlam (lo pa gzhon nu smon lam)

Abbot for 9 years (A).

3

Tokden Dingpowa (rtog ldan sdings po ba)

Abbot for 3 years (A).

4

Mönlam Lodrö (smon lam blo gros)

Abbot for 18 months (A).

Tokden Dingpowa

Tokden Dingpowa was abbot a second time (A).

Abbot for 6years (A).

Drilwa (dril ba)

Abbot for 9 years (A).

While Drilwa was abbot, Jayülwa (bya yul ba, 1075-1138) founded Jayül Monastery (bya yul) in 1114 (A, B).

5

Tsangpa Dorjé Gyentsen (gtsang pa rdo rje rgyal mtshan, 1077-1161)

Abbot for 15 years. After the death of Jayülwa in 1138, Tsangpa Dorjé Gyentsen was also the abbot of Jayül Monastery (A).

Geshé Gyatreu Lopa (dge bshes rgya spre’u lo pa)

Abbot for 5 years (A).

Zhönnu Gyentsengyi Lopa (gzhon nu rgyal mtshan gyi lo pa)

Abbot for 24 years (A). There was no abbot for 8 years between Zhönnu Gyentsengyi Lopa and Langlungpa (glang lung pa) (A).

6

Langlungpa Rinchen Tsöndrü (glang lung pa rin chen gtson ’grus, 1123-1193)

Abbot of Lo Monastery for 12 years. Then, he was abbot both of Lo Monastery and Jayül Monastery for 6 years (A) or 32 years (B).

7

Sé Nenjorpa Sönam Gyentsen (se rnal 'byor pa bsod nams rgyal mtshan)

He was abbot both of Lo Monastery and Jayül Monastery for 9 years (A) or 6 years (B).

8

Bé Sanggyé Gompa Dorjé Zhönnu (’be sangs rgyas sgom pa rdo rje gzhon nu, 1160-1229)

Fire broke out at Jayül Monastery during this period, but it was brought under control (A).

9

Tsangpa José (gtsang pa jo sras)

Abbot for 9 years (A). He built the dbu rtse smad (also known as dbu rtse gsar ma), one of the two main buildings of Lo Monastery (the other being the dbu rtse gong or dbu rtse rnying pa) (A, C)

10

Zemtön Sanggyé Tönpa (zem ston sangs rgyas ston pa, 1191-1256)

Abbot for 18 years (A).

11

Khampa Lungpa Rinchen Sanggyé (kham pa lung pa rin chen seng ge, 1232-1282)

Abbot for 27 years (A, B).

He founded the Khyammé College (khyams smad grwa tshang) and built other buildings. (A, C).

During this period, a very large appliqué tangka (gos sku) of the Sixteen Arhats (gnas brtan bcu drug) was produced (C); these large appliqué tangkas were displayed outdoors, usually as the focus of a festival.

12

Sanggyé Tsangtön (sangs rgyas gtsang ston)

Abbot for 3 years between 1283 and 1285 (A, B).

He was killed by Drigungpa (’bri gung pa) forces, who burned down Jayül Monastery in 1290 (A, B).

There was no abbot of Lo Monastery between 1286 and 1290 (B).

13

Sanggyé Jowo Wangchuk Zhönnu (sangs rgyas jo bo dbang phyug gzhon nu, 1232-1312)

Abbot for 22 years (A).

Jayül Monastery was reconstructed by Kublai Khan (1216-1294) in 1291 (A, B).

14

Sanggyé Tönpa Tsültrim Senggé (sangs rgyas ston pa tshul khrims seng ge, 1263-1325)

During this period there were 1000 monks at Lo Monastery (C).

15

Sanggyé Gompa Tsültrim Sherap (sangs sgom pa tshul khrims shes rab, 1284-1338)

Abbot for 13 years (A)

He also became abbot of Jayül Monastery in 1326 (B).

16

Sanggyé Wönpo Zhönnu Mönlam (sangs rgyas dbon po gzhon nu smon lam)

Abbot for 3 years (A) or 18 months (B).

During this period three additional monastic colleges (grwa tshang) were established: Gong (gong), Khangmoché (khang mo che), and Jangpa (byang pa) (C).

During this period the there were 3600 monks at Lo Monastery (C).

17

Tsültrim Gönpo (tshul khrims mgon po, 1291-1361)

Abbot for 22 years (A), between 1341 and 1363 (B).

18

Namgangpa Zhönnu Yeshé (gnam gang pa gzhon nu ye shes, 1322-1393)

Abbot for 34 years (A).

19

Tsechupa Chökyi Dorjé (tshes bcu pa chos kyi rdo rje)

Abbot for 9 years (A).

20

Lodrö Rinchen (blo gros rin chen)

 

21

Rinchen Gyentsen (rin chen rgyal mtshan)

Abbot for 23 years (A).

He was a disciple of Tsongkhapa (tsong kha pa) (A).

22

Jamgön Nyipa Tsültrim Dar (byams mgon gnyis pa tshul khrims dar)

Abbot for 17 years (A).

23

Sönam Lhé Wangpo (bsod nams lha’i dbang po, 1423-1496)

Abbot for 39 years (A).

The three monastic colleges Gong, Khangmoché, and Jangpa were unified into a single college (C).

During this period there were 300 monks (C).

One of the most prominent figures in the history of Lo Monastery. In 1484 he wrote a history of the Kadam (bka’ gdams) sect: Kadam Rinpoché Chöjung Namtar Nyingmor Jepé Ötong (bka’ gdams rin po che’i chos ’byung rnam thar nying mor byed pa’i ’od stong).

24

Chung Sönam Gyentsen (gcung bsod nams rgyal mtshan)

 

25

Chennga Chödrak Gyentsen (spyan snga chos grags rgyal mtshan)

 

26

Bökhar Maitri Döndrup Rinchen (bod ’khar mai tri don grub rin chen)

 

27

Gyamawa Jinpa Ngawang Künga Döndrup (rgya ma ba sbyin pa ngag dbang kun dga’ don grub)

 

28

Ngawang Püntsok Namgyel (ngag dbang phun tshogs rnam rgyal, b. 1605), the 5th Losempa (lo sems dpa’)

During this period there were 508 monks (C).

Lo Monastery was converted from Kadam to Geluk sometime between the abbacy of Rinchen Gyentsen and Ngawang Püntsok Namgyel.

The administrative system of Lo Monastery changed from a lineage system to an incarnate lama (sprul sku) system. When this occurred is not certain, but from this time forward the incarnate lama system was in place.

29

Drewo Namkha Samdrup (dre bo nam mkha’ bsam grub)

 

30

Ngawang Püntsok Sönam Pelzang (ngag dbang phun tshogs bsod nams dpal bzang), the 6th Losempa

 

31

Lopchungpa Nyendrak Namgyel (slob chung pa gnyen grags rnam rgyal)

 

32

Lopzang Nyendrak Gyatso (blo bzang gnyen grags rgya mtsho), the 7th Losempa

During this period there were 533 monks (C).

33

Lopzang Shenyen Drakpa Namgyel (blo bzang bshes gnyen grags pa rnam rgyal, d. 1793), the 8th Losempa

During his period, the Amitāyus Temple (tshe dpag lha khang) was built on the second floor of the Utsé Gong.  Miwang Sönam Topgyel (mi dbang bsod nams stobs rgyal), who was from (stag rtse), was the sponsor; he also sponsored the construction of a Chinese-style roof (rgya phibs) on the second floor of the Utsé Mé (C).

34

Lopzang Shenyen Drakpa Gyatso (blo bzang bshes gnyen grags pa rgya mtsho, b. 1794), the 9th Losempa

He founded the (gos sku) of Maitreya (C).

35

Tupten Nyinjé Drakpa Gyatso (thub bstan nyin byed grags pa rgya mtsho), the 10th Losempa

 

36

Lopzang Shenyen Gyatso (blo bzang bshes gnyen rgya mtsho), the 11th Losempa

 

37

Jangling Tenpa Rapten (byang gling bstan pa rabs rten)

 

38

Ganden Tsépa Ngawang Tenpel (dga’ ldan rtse pa ngag dbang bstan ’phel)

 

39

Shenyen Jamchöden (bshes gnyen byams chos ldan)

 

40

Lungrik Chönjor Gyatso (lung rig chos ’byor rgya mtsho), the 12th Losempa

 

41

Jangpa Ngawang Chönjor (byang pa ngag dbang chos ’byor)

 

42

Zhokpa Jinpa Dönyö (zhog pa sbyin pa don yod)

 

43

Nyidingpa Drakpa Tendzin (nyi sding pa grags pa bstan ’dzin)

 

44

Lön Gyelsé Jikmé Lodrö (lon rgyal sras ’jig med blo gros)

 

45

Lopzang Tupten Shedrup Gyatso (blo bzang thub bstan bshad sgrubs rgya mtsho), the 13th Losempa

 

46

Khangmoché Ngawang Rabten (khang mo che ngag dbang rabs brten)

 

47

Amdo Riptsa Trülku Ngawang Lodrö Tenpa (a mdo rib tsa sprul sku ngag dbang blo gros bstan pa)

 

48

Tendzin Gelek Chökyi Wangchuk (bstan ’dzin dge legs chos kyi dbang phyug), the 14th Losempa

There were 388 monks before 1959 (C).

 

49

Gewé Shenyen Chenpo Tsültrim Yiknyen (dge ba’i bshes gnyen chen po tshul khrims dbyig gnyen)

Lo Monastery suffered extensive damage before and during the Cultural Revolution. Reconstruction began during the 1980s (C). Reconstruction of some buildings is complete, but others are still being rebuilt.

50

Khenchen Lopzang Sherap (mkhan chen blo bzang shes rab)

During the 1980s, religious events such as the annual festivals of Namgang Chöpa (gnam gang mchod pa, a five-day festival that starts on the twenty-seventh day of the eleventh Tibetan month and ends on the first day of the twelfth month) and Lo Göku (lo gos sku ), held on the fifteenth day of the sixth Tibetan month and during which a very large appliqué thangka of Atiśa is displayed, were reinstituted (C).

51

Ngakchen Lopzang Chödrak (sngags chen blo bzang chos grags, 1925-2009)

 

Sources

A: Bka’ gdams chos ’byung gsal ba’i sgron me by Las chen kun dga’ rgyal mtshan (1432-1506).

B: Deb ther sngon po by ’Gos lo tsā ba gzhon nu dpal (1392-1481).

C: Dpal ldan lo dgon bshad sgrubs bstan ’phel gling gi dkar chags mos ldan dad pa’i ’jug ngogs by Blo gros bsam gtan.



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